DOT Physical
Medical certification in accordance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) physical qualification standards is required when the driver is operating a commercial vehicle in interstate commerce that:

  • Has a combined gross vehicle weight or weight rating of 10,001 lbs. or more.
  • Is designed or used to transport 9-15 passengers (including the driver) for compensation.
  • Is designed or used to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) whether for compensation or not.
  • Transports hazardous materials in quantities that require placarding under the hazardous materials regulations.

When a driver returns from an illness or injury that interferes with driving ability, the driver must undergo a medical examination if the medical examiner’s certificate has not expired.

The medical examiner is responsible for certifying only drivers who meet the physical qualification standards. Certification cannot exceed 2 years, and at the discretion of the FMCSA medical examiner, may be less than 2 years. The Federal Vision and Diabetes Exemption Programs require annual medical certification.

The medical examiner’s certificate expires at midnight of the day, month, and year written on the certificate. There is no grace period on the expiration. The driver must be re-examined and rectified to continue to drive legally.

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Pre-employment drug screening is also required by DOT regulations prior to the driver performing safety sensitive functions.

Non DOT Pre-placement Physical
Pre-placement physical exams are used to determine if an applicant is capable of performing the requirements of the job. Physical exams can result in lower costs, fewer on-the-job injuries and a better match of employees to jobs.

Many employers also require pre-employment drug screening and CRT Functional Capacity Testing.

Fit-for-Duty Physical
Companies may choose to evaluate a DOT and/or non DOT employee’s ability to perform the duties necessary to do his or job after an injury or illness.